The Chilean territory has a privileged location in South America, with a length of some 4,300 kilometers, in other words it covers 38th degrees of latitude, equivalent to approximately the distance between Sweden and Africa. On the other hand, our country is very narrow, with an average width of 100 kilometers only.
Its natural boundaries are: to the north, the driest desert in the world with less than 10 millimetre of precipitation per year and virtually no vegetation. Facing to the west, the vast and deep Pacific Ocean; to the east, the Andes Mountain Range with peaks reaching over 6.000m (in the Andes in Tierra del Fuego however, the highest peaks are just 3.000 m).
Into the extreme south, the territory falls apart and forms countless small islands and fjords in the Southern Ocean. Only ‘Terra Australis Incognita’, Antarctica -the enormous white Continent- lies further south. Chile is one of the original signatories of the Antarctic Treaty of 1959.
Chile also has two very attractive ocean territories, world famous Easter Island, and the Juan Fernandez Archipelago. Both these island territories offer attractive and diverse wildlife, culture and the historical context in which they have developed.